207,600 sq. km
Aeroflot Byelorussia CAD domestic routes map, early 1970s
Along the western frontiers of the Soviet Union extends the territory of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. It is a land of green forests and blue lakes, a land permeated with the romantic heroism of revolutionary battles, partisan valour and the glory of labour achievements.
from a 1958 Intourist brochure
year - number of passengers
1958 - 95,000 (all piston-engine fleet)
1967 - nearly 1,000,000
+-1974 - +-2,500,000
Promotional Brochures - Рекламные Брошюры
12 pp, 100 x 222 mm, RU
8 panels (16 pp), 100 x 220 mm, EN
The Airways of Byelorussia
This brochure starts with an introduction of Belarus civil aviation and then gives a short presentation of the most important cities, and Aeroflot destinations, in Belarus. First the capital Minsk, then by Yak-40 to Gomel, next is Vitebsk, then Grodno, Mogilev and finally Brest by An-24. On the inside of the backcover a map with the local and all-union air routes.
40 pp, 230 x 220 mm, GE
6 panels (12 pp), 230 x 220 mm, RU
16 pp, 200 x 186 mm, RU
8 panels (16 pp), 140 x 200 mm, RU
Travel the USSR: Byelorussia
Undated brochure presenting Belarus. The nature, development and industry, Minsk, Brest, Khatyn. On the backcover Tu-134 CCCP-65743.
12 pp, 200 x 185 mm, RU*
*also in English
This huge album has several interesting aviation photos, here some translated captions:
- Around the clock, aircraft continue to arrive at Minsk airport. A first-class terminal was commisioned. The latest in Belarus is air transport. In 1935, the first airline Minsk - Moscow was opened. Now international air routes go over Belarus: Moscow - Berlin, Moscow - Prague, Moscow - Paris. Minsk is connected by air lines to Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, Odessa, Kishinev, Lvov, Vilnius, Riga, Sochi, as well as with the regional centers of the republic. On all lines fly comfortable aircraft of civil aviation.
- Minsk airport organizes airplane excursions on Sundays. And, of course, children are the main group of passengers. Who more than them wants to rise to the clouds, to look at his hometown. Before the flight, the commander of the airliner, B. Putinists, likes to talk with young passengers to tell them not to forget to look down at the stadium "Dynamo" the Opera and Ballet Theater, the tower telecentre (picture top left). - I'm not scared! How interesting! - says schoolgirl Nadia Ivanova to her younger brother. Both of them are flying on a plane for the first time (picture below right). And then, the young passengers leave the plane in a good mood. The first "air baptism" took place!
- In addition to passenger transport, the republic provides airmail and air ambulance services. Aircraft deliver to Minsk and other cities of the republic fresh fish from the Baltic region, early fruits and vegetables from Moldova, a variety of urgent loads. In Minsk airport pilots are very skilled and with many years of experience. Among them are many millionaires. Each year, the number of millionaires grows with new people. The commander A. Stepanovski has flown a million kilometers, and is sincerely congratulated by his friends (picture below right). Pround Falcons of Civil Aviation are watching over the airways of Belarus.
pp, 260 x 345 mm, BE
State Publishing House BSSR
1958 - 10,000
Гомель - Gomel
- 27 January - opening of the airport
From the mid-1950s, regular flights to Minsk and Kiev were carried out from the old airport of Gomel to remote districts of the region, as well as air ambulance and agricultural aviation .
In 1968, not far from Gomel, a new airport was built with a concrete runway, on which the An-24 was the first to land . Subsequently, the airport began to take and larger aircraft. The Gomel airline operated the An-2, An-24, L-410, Yak-40 , Tu-134 and Tu-154 aircraft .
In 1985, a new passenger terminal of the airport was built (architect V. Bespalov), combined with the old building with a one-story annexe.
In the 1980s, passenger traffic at the Gomel airport reached hundreds of people a day. In 1988, more than 300,000 passengers were sent. In 1990, regular flights connected Gomel with Moscow (
Sheremetyevo), Leningrad (Pulkovo), Anapa , Voronezh , Dnepropetrovsk Donetsk , Kiev , Krasnodar , Kuibyshev , Lviv , Murmansk , Mineralnye Vody , Odessa , Rostov-on-Don , Saratov , Simferopol , Smolensk ,Sochi , Kharkiv , Cherkasy .
The timetable is valid from 15 May until 14 October 1968. Aircraft in use are An-2 and An-24.
3 panels (6 pp), 104 x 233 mm, RU
1968 - 1,500
Минск - Minsk
Minsk has 2 airports. The first one opened in 1933 and Minsk-2 opened half a century later, in 1983. See below for more details.
12 pp, 240 x 219 mm, RU
Aviareklama, ca. 1978-79
4 pp plus 2 half-size panels, 222 x 195 mm, RU
52 pp, 116 x 214 mm, GE
Timetable for both Minsk airports, summer 1991
Poster with the timetable for flights from both Minsk 1 and 2 airports, valid from 16 May until 30 September 1991. Aircraft in use are An-24, Yak-40, Tu-134, Tu-154. Also listed are international and cargo flights (An-26). Published by the Central Air Transport Agency of the Belarusian Civil Aviation Directorate.
700 x 897 mm, RU
1991 - 1,700
Minsk in Photo Illustrations
New airport terminal, architect G. V. Zaborsky ' Full page photo with an Aeroflot Li-2.
148 pp, 350 x 268 mm, RU-BE
Publishing House 'Star'
Minsk, 1958 - 10,000
Intourist booklet Minsk
This booklet has a photo of Lisunov Li-2 (PS-84) CCCP-84731 of the Belarusian CAD at Minsk-1 airport. It was in service from 1949 until 1961.
40 pp, 116 x 140 mm, EN
Vneshtorgizdat Order N°17160, undated
Raised from the Ruins
This book has a photo of Antonov An-10A СССР-11189 of the Ukrainian CAD at Minsk-1 airport with some pioneers playing in front. This An-10 flew from August 1960 until 1972/73 when they were all withdrawn from service.
112 pp + 2 fold-outs, 210 x 215 mm, BE
Publishing House 'Belarus'
Minsk, 1968 - 40,000
Аэропорт Минск (Минск-1) - Airport Minsk (later known as Minsk-1)
- About 1,350 passengers a day in 1965 and in the 1970's the airport served more than a million passengers a year.
- The airport is also the home of factory 407. Еstablished in 1953, it was one of the leading aircraft repair facilities in Soviet times. Repairs, modifications and maintenance were performed on Li-2 (777, 1953-1966), Il-14 (3658, 1956-1986), Tu-124 (497, 1964-1978), on Tu-134 & Yak-40 since 1970 and on Yak-42 since 1995. The facility is still in operation today but activity is very low with some work on Tu-134s (last Tu-134 departure was on 28 June, 2018). A new maintenace facility will be opened at Minsk-2.
- The 2000 meter runway was too short to accept Tu-104, Tu-154 or Il-62 and even Tu-134 could not take-off with full load. The runway could not be extended because the city had expanded over the decades and the airport was now almost in the city centre. Therefore, in 1977, construction of Minsk-2 airport began . In the 1980 until 2000s mainly domestic Belarus flights were operated.
- Tue 7 November - opening of the airport with the departure of the first K-5 airplane.
- Spring - arrival of three Po-2 planes to be based here.
- first regular flights between Minsk and 17 domestic Byelorussian destinations
- opening of regular Minsk - Moscow mail and passenger flight
second half 30s
- first air terminal was built. It still exists today in a much rebuilt form and houses the civil aviation medical service, at Korotkevich Street 9A.
- Civil Aviation Repair Plant N°407 is established at the airport
- the airport receives the international status
- the new airport terminal was built, designed by architect G. V. Zaborsky, today it is still preserved in its original form and protected as an arcitectural monument.
- Sat 18 April - arrival of the first Tu-124
- Summer - arrival of first An-24
- next to the 1957 terminal, a new building is erected with waiting room and cash desks. In 2004, it was transformed into shopping center 'Aerodromnij', declared bankrupt in 2011 and demolished again in 2017.
- May 2007 - Decision is made to close the airport. Passenger flight services stopped on 29 October 2012 and since 23 December 2015 closed for all commercial flights.
Minsk Airport - Aeroflot will take you to any corner of the country
Leaflet promoting air travel and informing about the introduction of the new 100-seater An-10A flying from Minsk. There's a student ticket price discount of 25% on An-10 flights.
2 pp, 147 x 203 mm, RU
1962 - 75,000
Timetable Winter 1964
This timetable of Minsk airport was valid from 1 December 1964 until 14 May 1965. Aircraft in use are An-2, Li-2, Il-14, Tu-124, An-10.
4 pp, 145 x 216 mm, RU
1964 - 30,000
Use the Services of Aeroflot
Full page advert in the Minsk 1970 telephone book.
x mm, RU
Timetable Movements passenger trains and aircraft for 1975-1976
Poster with the train lines and schedules from Minsk trainstation and two tables for flights from Minsk airport: one with all-union services (An-24, Yak-40, Tu-124, Tu-134, Il-18) and another for domestic flights (An-2, Il-14, An-24, Yak-40).
575 x 448 mm, RU
Six short video fragments starring the Minsk Airport in 1946, 1957, 1958, 1965, 1966 and in the 1965 feature film 'Puschik goes to Prague.'
1) Construction of improved runway and Li-2 ops, Kino-Journal 17-18, Minsk 1946 БГАКФФД - 2 min 14 sec
2) On board Il-14 CCCP-L1650 flying to Minsk. View of the nearly finished new airport - Kinochasopis 6, Minsk 1957 БГАКФФД - 2 min 09 sec
3) Opening new air terminal, views of the lobby, transit passenger hotel, children's room and 1st class restaurant - Kinochasopis 2, January 1958, БГАКФФД - 1 min 40 sec
4) Children's room for transit passengers, Tu-124 CCCP-45074 - Kinochasopis 9, April 1965 БГАКФФД - 1 min 33 sec
5) Scenes at Minsk airport taken from the movie 'Puschik goes to Prague', 1965 2 min 04 sec
6) Amateur video of Vladimir Skakun with tourists flying to Moscow - Novosibirsk, with V. Dubinka, photographer of newspaper Banner of Youth - 1966, 86 sec
Аэропорт Минск-2 - Airport Minsk-2
It was decided to build a new airport, Minsk-2, at 22km from the city. After Minsk-2 opened in 1982, the old Minsk(-1) airport was used for domestic flights within Byelorussia. Minsk-2 had a runway of 3640m and accepted its first flight in 1982 when Tu-134 ‘CCCP-65982’ landed empty from Minsk-1. Passengers also registered at Minsk-1 and came by bus for their flight to Simferopol.
Regular flights began in July 1983. On August 5, the first Tu-154 arrived (CCCP-85582). On March 27, 1989 the first international flight to Berlin departed and on June 20 of the same year the first technical flight of the Il-62. By 1990 Minsk-2 received 2.2 million passengers, a number that collapsed dramatically soon after, together with the USSR. It would take till 2008 before it reached 1 million again.
Могилёв - Mogilev
This passenger information brochure has on the backside Mogilevs airport timetable valid from 15 November 1967 until 14 May 1968. Aircraft in use are An-2 and Il-14.
4 pp, 120 x 180 mm, RU
1967 - 2,000
Aircraft Monuments - Авиапамятники
Lisunov 2 CCCP-84591 - Minsk
From October 1963, there was children's cinema 'Fifth Ocean' in Lisunov Li-2 'СССР-84591' in Gorky Park, close to Pervomayskaya street in Minsk. Official opening was on 6 November 1963. It was the first or at least one of the first cinema's of this kind in the Soviet Union.
original photo, archive of Bruno Vandermueren
Tupolev 134 CCCP-65630
Minsk N53.845556 E27.503056
Operated by the Moscow CAD, Vnukovsky OJSC since August 6, 1969. Registered on August 25, 1969. On June 30, 1972 transferred to the Moldovan CAD, Chisinau, 269 LO. On November 22, 1982 it was written off on the development of the designated resource. In the autumn of 1983 it was installed as monument in the Kurasovshchina area on Korzhenevsky street. Here it was used as a children's cafe "Icarus", and later, a pneumatic shooting gallery 'Young Sniper'. It was damaged by arsonry and in 1994, and later scrapped. A house was built where the plane once stood. (53° 50' 44.3616''N 27° 30' 11.0268''E)
Stories - Истории
The first Minsk air terminal
The well-known air terminal of Minsk airport on Chkalov Street was built in 1957 by the project of architects George Zaborsky and Alexander Voinov. However, regular flights began much earlier, even before the war. In 1935 flights routes were opened between Minsk and 17 regional centers of the BSSR, in 1936 - between Minsk and Moscow. In those years, the air terminal was located nearby at ul. Korotkevich, 9a and has survived to the present day. It's a two-story structure with two columns from the side of the main entrance, a terrace on the second floor and a turret to observe the runway. Opposite the entrance on the pedestal was a monument to Stalin, and on the backside - a monument to Lenin.
The old air terminal was in operation until 1958, when the new one was opened. Afterwards, the building continued to serve the domestic civil aviation. Until the 70s of the 20th century, units of the Minsk United Aviation Squadron with a polyclinic were based there. Later, after the movement of the aviation detachment to the airport Minsk-2, it was home to a medical flight expert commission and a polyclinic of civil aviation. To this day, pilots, aircraft technicians, flight engineers and other workers of aviation organizations are being examined and treated here.
Unfortunately, at the beginning of the 2000s, the appearance of the first Minsk airport was changed. It was a tasteless "euro-repair" with a third floor and glazed terrace. Probably for this reason, the building has not received the status of historical and cultural value, and therefore it can easily be demolished.
In September 2014, the President of Belarus signed a decree No. 456 “On the implementation of the investment project“ Experimental multifunctional complex “Minsk-Mir” ”. In accordance with the decree, all objects are subject to demolition except for the well-known historic building on Chkalov Street.
Last year, an initiative group of veterans and civil aviation workers appealed to the President of the country with a request to preserve the building of the former air terminal. Some quotes from this letter:
“The building at Karatkevich, 9a, has its unique long history, which is inextricably linked with the history of the Belarusian civil aviation and the history of the whole of our country as a whole.
It was there that for 25 years, from November 7, 1933 to 1958, was the first air terminal in Minsk. It was from this building in 1936 that the first postal flight was carried out along the route Minsk-Moscow-Minsk. It was in this building since 1940 that the Minsk United Aviation Squad was based.
It was this building, destroyed almost to the ground, that our fathers and grandfathers who had returned from the battlefields of the Great Patriotic War, who were eager to regain the former greatness of the civil aviation of the country, restored.
Due to the negligence of individual officials in the 90s, the building was renovated and the superstructure of the third attic floor was allowed. By the will of a ridiculous case, the building has not received the status of a national architectural heritage protected by the state. Although for us, veterans of civil aviation, it is still a kind of symbol of our glorious aviation past - the first building of the Minsk airport. ”
Today it is one step away from demolition.
Legendary children's cafe "Ikar" in Kurasovshchina or memories of an airplane in the courtyard
The children's cafe "Ikar" was special in due time, for many it became the object of the warmest childhood memories. Children were attracted here not only by the, at that time rare, glazed curds, but also by dreams of heaven and flight.
Whose idea it was to put a real Tu-134 in the Kurasovshchina district in Minsk and make it into children's cafe - so far remains a mystery. However, you can tell for sure, the children who grew up in the area or came to this place, they were grateful for this man. And not so much for the cafe, but for the plane.
Minsk resident, San Romanich, today an adult, shares his childhood memories of how "on a sunny November morning an absolutely inconspicuous part of the capital's territory woke up famous." We are talking about the empty space between a long nine-story house at Korzhenevsky, 31 and a section of the same street from Kazinets Square to the railroad hospital. 'I leave, as usual, to school and from the porch I glance at the wasteland and ... I just cannot believe my eyes: there is a real airplane! From that day the more than ten-year era of the Kurasovschinsky aircraft began. In the afternoon after the lessons I went to discover this mysterious object. Still from afar I noticed a queue of people who wished to see the cabin of this miracle machine. Especially for this reason, some personnel was in charge to manage the many visitors,' the former boy remembers. - It is from this exact moment, that I 'was bitten' by aviation. It affected me for life.
Some of the children from Kurasovshchina who went to the unusual cafe, connected their lives with aviation. Like Andrey Borisevich, who lived in the same building at Korzhenevsky, 31. The Tu-134 plane was placed under the windows of his home when he was four years old.
'In 1982, at night, an airplane with dismantled wings was placed under our windows. There were even rumors it landed there by itself:). It was a decommissioned Tu-134 from the 407th Civil Aviation Plant', recalled the pilot Andrei Borisevich.
It was the USSR No. 65630. Soon after his "landing" in Kurasovshchina, the aircraft was furnished for a children's cafe "Ikar". It was a popular place to go with often queues on the plane's stairs. 'The interior of the salon itself did not differ much: on the place of passenger seats along the two sides were tables for four visitors each. The waitresses moved in the aisle between the tables, accepting and giving out orders. From the contents of the menu I can remember, perhaps, only ice cream in these typical bowls from stainless steel on a plastic stand - two or three balls with the mandatory toppings to choose from: grated chocolate, fruit syrup and, perhaps, some jam. And for sure - glazed cheese curd, the 'business card' of the menu of the children's cafe "Icarus". In the stores, you could not find these glazed curds in free sale, to find them in their refrigerator it was necessary to have good connections with the supermarket administration.'
Another resident of Minsk, Andrei Skuratovich, in addition to the memories of the same glazed curds, talks about a kind of museum in the interior of the plane. 'If you walked through the salon, you could see a lot of posters on aviation themes. They hung just above the portholes, there was for example a picture with a Mozhaisky plane and others. As a person, passionate about aviation, I really liked this interior. It is clear that it was precisely because of this aviation atmosphere of the café that it was called Icarus. He also remembers the queue for about forty minutes to get into the coveted plane for the very first time. Someone recalled that the waitresses in this children's cafe were dressed in Aeroflot flight attendant uniforms although most cannot confirm this. But Andrei Skuratovich pensively says: "It seems so."
Andrei only came to Kurasovshchina to look inside the cockpit after climbing over the slippery aircraft. Then the local boys were luckier, 'As an eight to ten-year-old boys we went to the same waitress (or someone to senior service rank) to ask permission to sit ten minutes in the cockpit, it was often refused, but then in response to our nagging the cafe representative said: in exchange for a ten- or fifteen-minute access to the cockpit, you have to clean up the lawn in front of the airplane, remove all small debris in the grass, like wrappers from sweets and so on. Needless to say, after 20 minutes the lawn within a radius of ten meters from the nose of the plane was meticulously cleaned... And then! From such an abundance and variety of instruments and devices, buttons and switches, handles, indicators in front, to your left and right and from above - your head was spinning.'' San-Romanich recalls.
The second way to admire the workplaces of pilots was a bit more extreme. From the stairs, which was installed near the aft door on the port side, you could eventually get to the cockpit. 'The fact is that the right rail of the stairs was closely adjacent to the left nacelle and from there it was easy to climb up the fuselage and gently crawl forward to the cockpit .... Reaching the cockpit, we carefully laid on our stomach, feet clung (just like monkeys!) on the protruding L-shaped antenna of one of the VHF radios. In this convoluted position, through a small triangular window in the upper part of the cockpit windows, we could admire the inside. Below - almost five meters and bare asphalt. As I remember, thank goodness, nobody got hurt. During the legendary courtyard game "in Kwacha", the local boys covered even the whole plane. 'And we had another extreme habit on this aircraft. The intake of its engines were covered with such round discs-plugs of red color. But one day the plug of the right nacelle mysteriously disappeared. Soon after, we found a new entertainment: we climbed up the rail of the stairs and then headed the opposite direction on the pylon, climbed inside this rightmost nacelle, into this duralumin 'barrel'. According to the documentation from the library, we did this trick at a height of 3.8 m, of course, above the bare asphalt! I do not know if I can repeat this act today.
To the left of the plane was also a 'children's town' with very interesting constructions for those times. For example, there was a huge "head of Chernomor" on the mound. Children could get inside the head on a wooden staircase, and then slide down from the hill in the form of a tongue sticking out. Inside the head there were frames and beams, on which the older children climbed with pleasure. The second noteworthy object near the aircraft was a lighting mast, stylized as a space rocket launch ready for launch in a silvery color. 'According to the idea of the town's creators, round windows were provided for at the very top of this rocket, through which powerful searchlights at nighttime would illuminate the entire town. And it reminds me that during the New Year's Eve, these spotlights were turned on a couple of times. But then one day the entry door in the lower part of the rocket, by ordinary Soviet slovenliness, was left wide open - go in, take what you want! And so we had another form of amusement, to go inside on the ladder to get to the searchlight, from the windows we simply admired the panorama of wasteland, the whole town, the plane and the Kazynets square. And the height of that rocket was very decent - about 3-4 floors high. Another memory was the appearance during one of the New Year holidays of a "hut on chicken legs" built opposite the rocket, quite high - about two and a half or three meter. Between the hut and the rocket, something like a winch was installed, to which the figure of Baba-yaga was attached in a mortar and with a broom. When the winch was turned on, Baba-yaga flew in the rays of the searchlight ...!
'One day, the children's cafe "Ikar" was closed, I can't remember exactly when, but somewhere already at the very end of the 80's or 1990 itself. The reasons for the closure were not known to me exactly, but at one time there were rumors that supposedly because of fire safety, if the interior would catch fire, the evacuation would be problematic.' After its closure , the plane was just sitting there for a while. Then teenagers got inside and stole the instruments from the cockpit. 'I was also a teenager in those years, but to break, crush and tear to pieces - I was not like that," says a resident of Kurasovshchina. - Pilot armchairs, by the way, also did not become an exception - one of them I discovered nearby in one of, say, low-lying places. And if that wasn't enough, a fire broke out in the cabin, after which the entrance to the completely disfigured cabin was tightly sealed with a sheet of iron ...
In the nineties, the former cafe-airplane became a pneumatic shooting gallery "Young sniper". The looted interior was a pitiful sight: "a cylindrical body of duralumin with in the middle of the cabin a wooden shelf with cans full of bullet holes ...
One morning in June 1994 I saw workers starting to remove parts of the plane - I realized that they were here for the final execution, After a day or three or four, only memories were left. I picked up a tiny sheat of duralumin on the spot and scratched the date "10.06.94" in it. I keep it almost as a relic.
source: Tyt.by (news.tut.by/society/430551.html) 8 January 2015