Moscow airports and Aeroflot flights - Aeroflot Soviet Airlines Archives

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Moscow CAD
Московское Территориальное УГА
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR)
Cities & Airports

Moscow City Air Terminal
Moscow-Domodedovo
Moscow-Vnukovo
To Central Regions CAD page for Moscow-Bykovo
To International CAD page for Moscow-Sheremetyevo


In Soviet times, Moscow had 4 civil airports: Bykovo, Vnukovo, Sheremetyevo and Domodedovo. They are named after the villages on which territories they are located. Two of them, Vnukovo and Domodedovo were under control of the Moscow CAD. Sheremetyevo was under control of the International CAD and Bykovo under the Central Regions CAD. In the city center, close to metrostation 'Aeroport' or 'Dynamo' was the City Air Terminal located. From here, passengers could already check-in and drive to their airport by bus, taxi or even helicopter.
Moscow AirportsStepMapMoscow Airports
Москва - Moscow
Moscow has several more airports but they were not used for regular passenger transport in the USSR, here some of the more famous:

- Khodynka (1910-2003), also known as Frunze Central Aerodrome or Tsentralny Aerodrome,  opened in 1910 and was the oldest Russian aerodrome. On 3 May 1922 the first ever Russian international flight on the route Moscow - Königsberg - Berlin took place. On 15 July 1923 the first regular domestic passenger flights between Moscow and Nizhny Novgorod started - the 420 km route took 2.5 hours in a 4-seater AK-1 monoplane.
It remained Moscow's only airport until the opening of Bykovo in 1933. Passenger flights stopped in late 1940s. From the 1950s upto 2003 it was mainly used by new Ilyushin aircraft, which must have been an impressive sight in a densily populated area close to the center. Several stored military aircraft and helicopters were kept there and plans to start an aviation museum did not develop. Now the site has been completely changed and houses shopping centers etc.. The metro station named 'Aeroport' was opened in 1938 to the north of the runway.

- Tushino (1935 - is a former general aviation airfield. In Soviet times it was used for military exercises showing the latest innovations in aviation on Soviet Air Fleet Day. Normally it was celebrated on the third sunday of August. In 1937, the parade was attended by nearly a million people, observing the masses of aircraft spelling in the sky "LENIN", "STALIN" and "SSSR". Now the airfield is closed.

- Zhukovsky, also known as Ramenskoye, a major aircraft test base in Soviet times. It was home to ЦАГИ (TsAGI, the Central Aerohydrodynamic Center) and ЛИИ им. Громова (Gromov Flight Research Center). From here the first flights of Tu-114 and Tu-144 airliners wre conducted. Also many military fighters and bombers and the analog 'Buran' spacecraft made their first flight here. From here they were sent to the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazachstan by VM-T transport planes.
Today, it is home of the 2-yearly MAKS airshow. and after reconstruction works in 2014-2016 it is an official int'l passenger airport.

- Ostafyevo (1934-today)

- Chkalovsky (1932-today), today a large military air base.

- Myachkovo (1941-today), it was the base of the 229th flight detachment of Antarctic aviation, who conducted the study of the Arctic and Antarctic (Li-2s and IL-14s).
In 1965 the Myachkovskiy United Aviation Detachment was created.
Until the early 1990s, the 3750 airport staff and consisted of 4 airborne detachments: Detachment of aerial photography with 27 An-30s, the 305th detachment with Mi-8  helicopters engaged in oil and gas exploration in Siberia, the 325th detachment with AN-2s carrying out air operations in the Krasnodar and Stavropol regions, the middle zone of Russia, Kazakhstan and Ukraine. and the 340th unit with Mi-2 helicopters. Since 2012 a light aircraft aerodrome.
Aeroflot USSR 1953

Pocket calendar for the year 1953. Beautiful artwork of an Ilyushin 12 overhead the Kremlin with one of the 'seven sisters' in the background. 'Air transport connects all the capitals of the union republics, large cities, industrial centers and resorts of the country'. The backpage gives contact information for ticket sales and how to get to Vnukovo and Bykovo airport.

4 pp, 68 x 104 mm, RU
Moscow, 1952 - 200,000
How to get to the Moscow Aeroflot Ticket Offices

Practical information about the 3 main Aeroflot ticket agencies in Moscow.

4 pp, 88 x 133 mm, RU
undated
Moscow, Air connections center of the country

28 pp, 100 x 220 mm, RU
undated
Moscow - Hero City

Brochure for the 100th anniversary of the birth of Lenin in 1970. The heroic history of Moscow, the city today, Moscow as the largest center of culture and famous sights...this brochure leaves you little reason not to visit the Soviet capital.

6 panels (12 pp), 100 x 220 mm, GE
ca. 1969
Moscow, Lenin Memorial Places

18 pp (incl. 1 map fold-out), 100 x 220 mm, EN
Aviareklama, 1970
Fares and Times


4 panels (8 pp), 80 x 204 mm, RU
undated - 100,000
Arrival in Moscow

'Ladies and Gentlemen! Your airliner is approaching Moscow, the capital of the Soviet Union, and it is the right time to give you practical tips which may be useful after you leave the aircraft.' So starts this 6-language brochure, followed by the information about the airport, how to get to the city, city transport and hotels. 'All the best to you! Happy Journey!'

6 panels (12 pp), 95 x 221 mm, RU-EN-FR-GE-AR?-JA?
Aviareklama, 1972
Moscow - The Crossroads of Air Traffic


24 pp, 230 x 230 mm, EN
Aviareklama, 1972
The Air Gateways of Moscow

12 pp, 230 x 215 mm, RU-EN
Aviareklama, ca. 1973
How to get to the city's air terminal and Moscow's airports

Leaflet with all directions to get to one of Moscow's 4 airports and the City Air Terminal. The backside shows a map of the airports with the metro stations, bus and train lines to get there.

2 pp, 224 x 300 mm, RU
1974 - 500,000
How to get to the city's air terminal and Moscow's airports

4 panels (8 pp) 102 x 148 mm, RU
1975 - 500,000
Moscow Airports: Vnukovo - Sheremetyevo - Domodedovo - Bykovo

4 panels (8 pp) 100 x 207 mm, RU
Aviareklama, 1971 - 100,000
To Sport Championships to Moscow


24 pp, 230 x 217 mm, GE
Aviareklama, ca. 1975

How to get to the city's air terminal and Moscow's airports

3 panels (6 pp) 70 x 140 mm, RU
1976 - 400,000
Moscow


248 pp, 120 x 160 mm, RU
Aviareklama, 1970

Fares and Times
 
4 pp, 121 x 224 mm, RU
Aviareklama, 1979  - 52,200

You are going on a flight

4 panels (8 pp) 101 x 223 mm, RU
1981 - 300,000
You are going on a flight

16 pp, 110 x 142 mm, RU
Moscow

28 pp, 242 x 221 mm, RU
Aviareklama, ca. 1977
Moscow Stars

4 panels (8 pp), 200 x 200 mm, RU
Aviareklama
The Airports of Moscow

16 pp, 237 x 164 mm, EN
ca. 1978
Moscow - The Metropole of the Olympics - 80


28 pp, 240 x 220 mm, GE
Aviareklama, ca. 1978
Moscow - The Metropole of the Olympics - 80

6 panels (12 pp), 240 x 220 mm, GE
Aviareklama, ca. 1978-79
Moscow

16 pp, 238 x 219 mm, GE
Aviareklama
Aeroflot Planes at Your Service!
Welcome!

4 panels (8 pp), 92 x 219 mm, RU
1979
Moscow

28 pp, 240 x 220 mm, GE
Aviareklama, ca. 1979
Check Your Watch

Brochure with the map of time zones in the USSR and directions of how to get to Vnukovo, Domodedovo, Bykovo and Sheremetyevo-1 airports and to the City Air Terminal.

4 panels (8 pp), 82 x 197 mm, RU
Central Agency of Air Services, 1986 - 50,000
Air Passenger Memo

4 panels (8pp) plus a separate card with the new Aeroflot phonenumber, 100 x 146 mm, RU
1979 - 50,000
Moscow Literary Museums



24 pp, 201 x 186 mm, RU
Aviareklama
Moscow, the Capital of the USSR

28 pp, 230 x 220, EN
Aviareklama, undated
Moscow, Capital of the USSR

24 pp, 230 x 215, FR
Aviareklama, 1985
Moscow, 1917 - 1987

24 pp, 200 x 188 mm, FR
Aviareklama, 1987
Moscow

28 pp, 240 x 220 mm, RU
Aviareklama
Moscow

4 panels (8 pp), 138 x 200 mm, FR
Aviareklama
Moscow
Lenin Memorial Places

4 panels (8 pp), 140 x 200 mm, FR
Aviareklama, 1986
Moscow

Aeroflot invites you to Moscow. With photos of the Sheremetyevo-2 International Airport.

4 panels (8 pp), 138 x 201 mm, EN
Aviareklama, 80s
Art Museums in Moscow

20 pp, 228 x 220 mm, EN*
Aviareklama
*also in French
Postcards - Открытки
Moscow

Excellent large photobook with 3 airport photos.

pp, hardcover, 338 x 242 mm,
The Moscow Worker
1963
Moscow Region

Excellent large photobook with 2 pages of airport photos (6 in total).

188 pp, hardcover with dustjacket (missing), 295 x 295 mm, RU
The Moscow Worker, 1970
Example of an Aeroflot publicity for flights from Vnukovo and Bykovo in a 1959 football calendar guide. Click here for the translation.
ВДНХ - VDNKh
Выставка Достижений Народного Хозяйства - Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy
The exhibition was established February 17, 1935 as the All-Union Agricultural Exhibition (VSKhV) (Russian: Всесоюзная Сельско-Хозяйственная Выставка; Vsesoyuznaya Selsko-Khozyaystvennaya Vystavka). An existing site (then known as Ostankino Park, a country territory recently incorporated into the city limits), was approved in August 1935. The master plan by Vyacheslav Oltarzhevsky was approved in April 1936, and the first show season was announced to begin in July 1937 and was design as a "City of Exhibitions"with streets and public spaces, which was very common in the 1930s of the 20th century. However, plans did not materialise, and three weeks before the deadline Joseph Stalin personally postponed the exhibition by one year (to August 1938). It seemed that this time everything would be ready on time, but again the builders failed to complete their work, and regional authorities failed to select and deliver proper exhibits. Some pavilions and the 1937 entrance gates by Oltarzhevsky were torn down to be replaced with more appropriate structures (most pavilions were criticised for having no windows). According to Oltarzhevsky's original plan, all of the pavilions were to be constructed from wood. In 1938, a government commission examined the construction and decided that it did not suit the ideological direction of the moment. The exhibition was considered too modest and too temporary. Oltarzhevsky was arrested, together with the Commissar for Agriculture and his staff, and eventually released in 1943. Later, he worked on the 1947-1953 Moscow skyscraper project.
As a result, in August 1938 Nikita Khrushchev, speaking at the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union assembly, declared that the site is not ready, and the opening was extended to August 1939. It opened indeed August 1, 1939, and worked in 8AM - 11PM mode until October 25 (40,000 daily attendance). 1940 and 1941 seasons followed; after the German invasion, July 1, 1941 the exhibition was closed - until the end of World War II.

In October 1948 the State ordered the renewal of the Exhibition, starting with the 1950 season. Again, the opening was postponed more than once; the first post-war season opened in 1954 (still as Agricultural exhibition). In the 1956 season the planners set aside an Industrial area within the main territory; more restructuring and rebuilding followed. In 1959 the park was renamed Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy or ВДНХ/VDNKh.
Aircraft and helicopters displayed over the years at the VDNKh

  • October 1967 - September 1976 - Tu-134 prototype 'CCCP-45075'
  • Ми-4С (1955)
  • Ту-104 СССР-Л5400 (1956-1959)
  • Ан-2
  1. Ту-104А СССР-42394 - mfd May 10, 1959 went to the Moscow CAD, based at Vnukovo. Almost immediately it went on display at VDNKh from June 24, 1959 until July 1962. Afterwards it was transferred to the Air Force Research Insitute (NII VVS) and used for zero-G training. It went back to the air force, based at Zhukovsky.
  • Ту-104 СССР-42338 (07.1960-12.1963) ((In 1960 (officially 23 April 1960) it was displayed at the VDNKh until 1965? Afterwards it was transferred to the Yegoryevsk Technical Aviation College for use as a ground instruction airframe.))
  • Ми-8 (1961)
  • Ан-24 (1961 или 1962)
  • Ил-18А СССР-75644 (27.08.1959-17.08.1964)
  • Ту-124 СССР-45052 (25.01.1964-10.1967)
  • Ан-14М (1974)
  • «Квант»  (1974)
  • «Энтузиаст»  (1976)
  • Ту-154 СССР-85005 (10.1976-14.09.2008)
  • Як-40 СССР-19661 (10.1970-10.1981) till 1977??
  • Як-42 СССР-42304 (09.1981 — н.в.)
  • Ми-26 (1985)
  • photos from article: Yak-12 CCCP-72806 / Mi-4 CCCP-66860 / Mi-1 / An-2 / Ka-18 + models of An-10 and Il-18 in pavilion
Original Photos
Postcards - Открытки
published in the Soviet Union between 1961 and 1986
'Wings of the Motherland' N°9, 1959

The coverstory of this issue of magazine 'Крыля Родины' is about the aviation exhibits at the VDNKh. Especially the photos are interesting. The cover shows Tu-104 CCCP-42338. There are more colour pictures with the article and there we see Mi-4P 'CCCP-66860', a Mi-1, an An-2, a Ka-18 and Yak-12 CCCP-72806. Inside the pavilion 'Transport of the USSR' the models of An-10 and Il-18 can be seen.

224 x 288 mm
Publishing House ДОСААФ, Moscow
1959 - 37,000
'Sputnik' razor blades for the VDNKh

A set of 10 razor blades named 'flight to Venus' was produced by the Red Star factory in Moscow to commemorate the VDNKh. All ten blades had a different, nicely decorated, wrapping. There was one for the luxury 'Chaika' car, a milk truck for 105 million tons of milk produced per year, the monument for famous poet Pushkin, agriculture machine universal chassis SHS-65, Corn 'the beauty of the fields', nuclear ice-breaker 'Lenin', hydrofoil boat 'Meteor' and most notably the Mi-4 helicopter and Tu-114 airliner. These two last ones are shown here.

47 x 25 mm
Мосгорисполком (Executive Committee of the Moscow City Council of People's Deputies)
УМП factory ' Red Star', Moscow Pushkin street 32
Московский Городской Аэровокзал - Moscow City Air Terminal
The complex was built on the Khodynka field. It included an air terminal with helicopter and bus stations, and two twelve-story twin buildings: the administrative building of the Ministry of Civil Aviation (MGA) and the Aeroflot hotel with 520 rooms. The hotel opened on 24 April 1964, the air terminal a year later, on 25 May 1965.

At the terminal, passengers had their luggage taken care of and registered their tickets. Then they travelled to one of Moscow's airports by express bus, taxi or helicopter directly to the aircraft. The terminal could serve upto 3000 passengers an hour and thus considerably unloaded the 4 airports. If the flight of the aircraft was delayed or postponed, transit passengers could take a tour of Moscow, visit the Tretyakov Gallery, get acquainted with the Borodino panorama, or watch a movie program in the cinema hall of the terminal. Тhere were large boards with departures and arrival information and in the hall were mock-ups of aircraft and helicopters where travellers could already become acquainted with their seat location.  These large aircraft models can today be found in Ulyanovsk.

The central (or Moscow) helicopter station opened in 1960, five years before the opening of the terminal, and continued working until 1971. From here, scheduled flights of Mi-4P and Mi-8 helicopters to Vnukovo, Domodedovo and Sheremetyevo airports were carried out.

The air terminal remained in full operation for over 25 years but in the 90's, after the break-up of the USSR, there was a huge drop in passenger numbers. Decline continued and by 2002 only a few flights were served. In 2004 the City Air Terminal was closed. Today, it houses the shopping center 'Aviacity'...
Passenger Reminder

4 pp, 105 x 175 mm, RU
Aeroflot Advertising Office, 1962
Moscow's In-Town Aviation Station

3 panels (6 pp), 100 x 220 mm, EN*
*also in Russian
Moscow City Air Terminal

6 panels (12 pp), 100 x 221 mm, RU
Main Air Service Agency Invites

8 panels (16 pp) 100 x 220 mm, RU
Aviareklama
Main Agency for Air Services

12 pp, 200 x 187 mm, RU
Aviareklama
аэропорт Домодедово - Domodedovo airport
Survey work on the airport construction began in 1948, after decision of the Politburo. At that time, it was described as a special "facility №306". In 1951 the first preparatory construction work began.
13 November 1954, the resolution of the Council of Ministers approved the proposal of the Main Directorate of the Civil Air Fleet on the construction of the second airport of the Moscow civil air fleet near the village Elgazin Podolsky (now Domodedovo) Moscow Oblast. In 1958 a decree of the USSR Council of Ministers instructed to complete construction of the first stage of the airport in 1962.

In 1962 Order of the Head of Main Directorate of Civil Aviation issued on April 7 № 200 "On the organization of the Moscow Domodedovo airport" ordered to "organize as part of the Moscow Transport Aviation Management Directorate the new airport, and continue to call it the Moscow Domodedovo Airport. Therefore, April 7, 1962 is considered the official birthday of the airport. By the end of 1962, after the official approbation, the airport began send and receive postal and cargo planes.

Passenger services from Domodedovo began in March 1964 with a flight to Sverdlovsk by Tu-104. The airport, intended to handle the growth of long-distance domestic traffic in the Soviet Union, was officially opened in May 1965.

A second runway, parallel to the existing one, was put into service 18 months after the opening of the airport.
On 26 December 1975, Domodedovo Airport was selected for the inaugural flight of the Tupolev Tu-144 to Alma Ata.
The airport of Moscow-Domodedovo

Small brochure presenting the newly constructed Domodedovo airport.

3 panels (6 pp), 220 x 100 mm, FR
How to get to Domodedovo Airport

Directions how to get to Domodedovo airport from the City Air Terminal, Paveletskaya train station, and a few metro stations. Also directions how to get to the City Air Terminal.

2 pp,  x  mm, RU
200,000
How to get to airport Domodedovo

Small leaflet explaining how to get to Domodedovo airport.

2 pp, 148 x 61 mm, RU
Main Agency of Air Services - 300,000
аэропорт Внуково - Vnukovo airport
Vnukovo is Moscow's oldest airport in operation today. Its construction was approved by the Soviet government in 1937 because the older Khodynka Aerodrome was becoming overloaded. Vnukovo opened on 1 July 1941. During the Great Patriotic War, it was used as a military airbase; passenger services started after the war.

On 15 September 1956, the Tupolev Tu-104 jetliner made its first passenger flight from here to Irkutsk via Omsk.
The first passenger flights of the IL-18 (Moscow to Sochi/Adler on 20 April 1959) and Tu-114 (Moscow to Khabarovsk on 24 April 1961) were also made from Vnukovo Airport. In 1980, Vnukovo was expanded for the 22nd Summer Olympic Games.

In 1993, Vnukovo Airport became a joint-stock company. A massive reconstruction and strategic development programme commenced at Vnukovo International in late 2003, following the transfer by the Federal Government of the controlling stake in the airport to the Government of Moscow.
Passenger's memo, departing from the airport Vnukovo

Rules about handluggage, child ticket fees ... 'Boarding starts in 15 minutes and stops 5 minutes before departure. Before landing, passengers are notified by radio. When approaching the aircraft, stay away from the propellers, even if they do not turn.  When taking off and landing, moving in the aircraft is prohibited. At this time, you can also not smoke. To avoid damage to costumes, it is recommended that the fountain pens are not filled with ink for the duration of the flight.'
On the backside it tells you how to get to Vnukovo Airport.

4 pp, 64 x 100 mm, RU
1956
How to get to Vnukovo Airport

Leaflet 'How to get to Vnukovo Airport' from the City Air Terminal and from metro station 'South-Western'. Also directions how to get to the City Air Terminal.

2 pp,  x  mm, RU
300,000
How to get to Vnukovo Airport

Leaflet 'How to get to Vnukovo Airport' from the City Air Terminal and from metro station 'South-Western'. Also directions how to get to the City Air Terminal.

2 pp, 90 x 130 mm, RU
1983 - 600,000
How to get to airport Vnukovo

Small leaflet explaining how to get to Vnukovo airport.

2 pp, 148 x 68 mm, RU
Main Agency of Air Services
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