Antonov An-10 - Aeroflot Archives

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Antonov AN-10
' unexpected pleasure is in store for You on board the AN-10A plane. All of a sudden the lights go out and a motion picture is shown. As the AN-10A plane is provided with a special film projector...'
Fast Turboprop Passenger Aircraft An-10

The Ilyushin 18 was also presented at the Brussels Expo and both won a gold medal. Contrary to the Il-18, the An-10 would never be exported and its career ended abruptly in 1972. The brochure has several illustrations of the prototype as well as a cutaway drawing and photos of the cabin interior.

10 pp incl. cutaway fold-out, 293 x 224 mm, RU-EN
USSR Section at the Universal and International Exposition of Brussels 1958
Passenger Turboprop Aircraft An-10A

8 panels (16 pp), 92 x 182 mm, RU
High - Speed Airliner An-10A

16 pp, 365 x 240 mm, RU-FR*
V/O Avtoexport
*also in RU-EN

12 pp, 278 x 218 mm, RU

3 panels (6 pp), 94 x 215 mm, EN
Turboprop Airliner An-10A

Including a large An-10A fold-out poster

6 panels (12 pp), 151 x 298 mm, RU-EN
Avtoexport, ca. 1960-61

3 panels (6 pp), 210 x 100 mm, EN
After the An-10 fleet was grounded and banned from civil aviation, all the airframes were inspected and those that passed the the tests were transferred to the air force. Of the An-10s that would never take to the sky again, many started a second life as a monument in several cities throughout the USSR. Most of them became a children's cinema or youth cafe in a park. Sadly, by the end of 1980s and especially in the early 90s, just before or after the end of the Soviet Union, they started to disappear. Most of them were set on fire by vandals and scrapped later. None, except one at the Monino Central Air Force museum, were saved. It is the last An-10 in existence today. Click here to go to the (complete?) list of 30 An-10s that were once preserved in many cities. 1 in the Byelorussian SSR, 1 in the Moldavian SSR, 21 in the Russian SFSR and 7 in the Ukrainian SSR.
On 29 April 1961, a world record was set by An-10 flying a closed circuit of 500 km with an average speed of 730,616 km/h. The plane was piloted by captain A. F. Mitronin, f/o V. A. Tersky, navigator P. V. Koshkin, radio operator S. S. Galka and flight engineer A.V. Kalinichin.

Length:       34,00 m
Wingspan:  38,00 m
Height:         9,83 m
Fuselage diameter: 4,10 m
Wing area: 121,73 m2
Empty weight: 31250 kg ; 31800 kg (later series)
Max. take-off weight: 54000 kg
Max. payload: 14000 kg
Max fuel load: 10780 kg
Powerplant: 4 x Ivchenko AI-20 turboprops, 4000 hp each
Cruising speed: 665 km/h at 8000 m
Normal range: 3000 km
Crew: 7
Passengers: 85

Length:       34,00 m
Wingspan:  38,00 m
Height:         9,83 m
Fuselage diameter: 4,10 m
Wing area: 121,73 m2
Empty weight: 32500 kg
Max. take-off weight: 54000 kg
Max. payload: 14500 kg
Max fuel load: 10780 kg
Powerplant: 4 x Ivchenko AI-20A turboprops, 4000 hp each
Cruising speed: 665 km/h at 8000 m
Normal range: 2650 km
Crew: 7
Passengers: 94-132, depending on cabin lay-out
Design of the An-10 started end 1955 to meet Aeroflot's requirement for an aircraft with large passenger and freight capacity to serve medium-haul routes (500 - 2000 km). It was developed in parallel with the military transport twin brother, An-12.

It had a wide circular section pressurized fuselage, four turboprops on a high wing and a retractable undercarriage for soft-field operations.

In Kuybyshev the Kuznetsov NK-4 turboprop engine was developed and in Zaporozhye the Ivchenko AI-20, both rated at 4,000 ehp. NK-4 was installed on the prototype of both An-10 and An-12 but decision in favour of AI-20 engines was made for the production aircraft.

The prototype 'СССР-У1957' was built by factory 473 at Kiev-Svyatoshino. First flight of An-10 named 'Ukraina' took off on March 7th, 1957 from Kiev-Svyatoshino piloted by captain Vernikov and co-pilot Vazin. It had 84 passenger seats and a 'children's playroom' at the rear.  Tests revealed poor directional stability so a larger vertical fin and hexagonal endplates at the stabilizer tips were installed.

Between 1957 and 1960, 108 aircraft were built at factory 64, Voronezh-Pridachan. In 1958 the An-10 was awarded the Gold Medal at the Brussels world exhibition. No An-10s were exported.

On 22 July 1959 it performed its first revenue flight on the Moscow-Vnukovo to Simferopol route. On 10 September 1959 it officialy entered Aeroflot service. The An-10 was well suited for operations from unpaved airstrips. This was a major asset because in 1959 many airports in the Soviet Union had no paved runway, even not Kiev-Borispol.

After two similar accidents, in November 1959 and February 1960, all An-10s were retrofitted with a stabilizer de-icing system.

In December 1959 the original An-10 was superseded on the production line by the improved An-10A, built in 89 and 100 passenger seat versions. Later the capacity was increased to 118 and then to 132 by changing cabin layout. Engines installed were now Ivchenko AI-20Ks rated at 4,250 ehp. The first entered service on 10 February 1960.

In 1962 the An-10As and some An-10s were upgraded, the two endplates on the stabilizer and the single ventral fin were removed and instead two improved splayed ventral fins under the rear fuselage were installed.Some of the aircraft were used by the military as well as Aeroflot to make the most profitable use of them. During the first 5 years of operation the AN-10s carried more than 10 million passengers and more than 500,000 tons of cargo. By 1967 it was operated on more than 90 domestic air routes.

By the beginning of 1972 it had carried 38,7 million passengers and 1,25 million tons of cargo.

On 18 May 1972 Ukrainian CAD An-10A 'CCCP-11215' crashed near Kharkov killing all 114 passengers and 8 crew. The tragedy provoked a tremendous public outcry both in the Soviet Union and abroad, not least because among the victims was Nina Aleksandrova, a well-known female reporter from Izvestiya daily newspaper, and Victor Chistyakov, a popular actor from Leningrad. All An-10s were grounded and the authorities set up a crash invastigation commission. It was discovered the wing center section stringers suffered metal fatigue and after investigation, the same defect was found on several other An-10's. At the time some 70 An-10s were in Aeroflot service.  As a result of the report, the entire An-10 fleet was officially withdrawn from Aeroflot service on 27 August 1973. 42 aircraft were grounded and some 25 transferred to the Air Force where they continued service for a few more years.

The An-10 was the first Soviet turboprop flown, put into production and service but also the first to be withdrawn from use.

Authorities obliterated traces of the An-10 from Soviet aviation history. It was censored from brochures and aviation books. It was recommended to avoid mentioning the An-10 in the press.

After 1973, several of the grounded An-10s found a new life as a children's cinema or cafe in residential neighbourhoods or city parks in the USSR.  They appeared in many cities, see the list.

Unfortunately, over the decades, these An-10 monuments started to disappear. Some burned by vandals, other scrapped for metal in the 90's and early 2000s . Several attempts by musea to preserve an An-10 ultimately failed and now only one An-10 remains, at the Central Air Force museum at Monino near Moscow.

  • Prototype is built at factory 473, Kiev/Svyatoshino.
  • 108 aircraft produced at factory 64, Voronezh/Pridachan between 1957 and 1960
  • By the beginning of 1972, Aeroflot had flown 38.7 million passengers and 1.25 million tons of cargo on the An-10.
  • The An-10 was the first Soviet turboprop flown, put into production and service but also the first to be withdrawn from use.
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