Tupolev Tu-134 - Aeroflot Archives

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Aeroflot's powerful TU-134 airliner is plying succesfully domestic and international routes ranging in length to 3,300 kilometres. Powered by strong fuel-saving engines, this streamlined craft cruises at 850 km/hr.

from an Aeroflot promotional brochure, 1970
Tupolev Tu-134
40 years in Aeroflot service 1967 - 2007
  • Two prototypes + 852 produced at factory 135, Kharkov between 1963 and 1989 (full-scale production 1965 - 1984).

  • Both prototypes were equipped with two Soloviev D-20P-125 engines. The production Tu-134s had two D-30-I engines and were started electrically. Tu-134A was powered by two D-30-II engines which were started pneumatically by an APU and had thrust reversers. Tu-134A-3 and B-3 were powered by two D-30-III engines.

  • In total about 490 Tu-134s have flown in Aeroflot service between 1967 and 2007.

  • By April 1991, Aeroflot had flown more than 550 million passengers on the Tu-134.
  • Mon 29 July - prototype, designated Tu-124A, 'CCCP-45075' makes its first flight from Moscow/Zhukovsky (after disassembly at Kharkov, transport to Moscow and re-assembly)
  • Wed 9 September - 1st flight of the second prototype 'CCCP-45076'
  • June - 1st appearance at the 25th Paris-Le Bourget Airshow 'CCCP-45076'
  • Sat 14 August - 1st flight of 1st pre-production Tu-134 'CCCP-65600' from Kharkov/Sokolnikovo (factory 135)
  • Thu 21 July - 1st flight of the 3rd pre-production aircraft 'CCCP-65602', the 1st with D-30 engines from the start
  • Wed 9 August - technical flight with 1st pax, Ministry of Civil Aviation employees (Moscow - Belgrade)
  • Sat 26 August - official acceptance for Aeroflot operations
  • Sat 9 September - 1st Aeroflot revenue flight SU679 (Moscow/Vnukovo 1 - Adler)
  • Tue 12 September - 1st Aeroflot scheduled international flight (Moscow - Stockholm)
  • Tue 22 April - 1st flight of the new version,  Tu-134A 'CCCP-65624' from Kharkov/Sokolnikovo (factory 135)
  • Sun 25 May - Debut at the 27th Paris/Le-Bourget Airshow of Tu-134A 'CCCP-65624', exhibit code 827, together with Tu-134 'CCCP-65617'
  • Mon 31 December - last Aeroflot revenue service (Kaliningrad - Moscow)
Three short movies:

1) Assembly and flight test of Tu-134, Roll-out of CCCP-65611, Kharkov 1967 / KruchinaFILM - 6 min 13 sec

2) Demonstration of the new Tu-134A in Prague, 1970 (48 sec, no sound)

3) Scene from the movie 'Unbelievable Adventures of Italians in Russia', 1974. CCCP-65608

Tupolev-134 Jet Airliner for Short and Middle Range Distances

Published by the Tupolev Design Bureau, presenting the newly developed Tu-134. 64 and 72 seat cabin lay-out. 'The auto-pilot and VOR-ILS equipment guide the Tupolev to an altitude of 30-40 m.'

3 panels (6 pp), 235 x 81 mm, FR-RU

Large fold-outs showing the sleek design of the Tu-134. All aspects of this 'fighter-jet like' passenger plane are illustrated from cabin-lay outs and seat pitch to fuselage, landing gear and engine construction. Special chapter about VOR/ILS and САУ 3П autopilot. Lots of diagrams and quality illustrations of  both prototypes 'CCCP-45075' and 'CCCP-45076'.

28 pp including 4 fold-outs, 290 x 205 mm, RU-EN*
V/O Aviaexport
Vneshtorgizdat order N°34303
*also in FR-SP, Vneshtorgizdat order N°34304

3 panels (6 pp), 220 x 98 mm, RU-EN-FR
? - 50,000
Aircraft Tu-134

On the cover, the second prototype 'CCCP-45076'. The incorporation of flight director instruments and VOR-ILS is mentioned and that 'To special order, the Tu-134A aircraft may be fitted with an auxiliary power plant which provides air-conditioning in the passenger saloon at parking and autonomous engine starting.' Two cabin lay-outs: a 64 seater, including 16 in first class and an economy version with 72 seats. Several graphic tables, one being 'Direct Operating Costs in USD versus Flight Range'.

8 pp plus 2 small fold-outs, 290 x 215 mm, RU-EN-FR
V/O Aviaexport
Vneshtorgizdat order N°34142
Tu-134 Jet Airliner
4 panels (8 pp), 147 x 206 mm, RU-EN
Aviaexport USSR Moscow
Vneshtorgizdat order № 34105
Tu-134 Passenger aircraft for short and medium haul distances
Tu-134 Medium Haul Twinjet

Prototype on the cover. Tu-134 is build to fly 500 up to 3000 km and take-off in 700-800 m at full load. Two versions: standard 64-seat cabin lay-out is shown and a version for 70-72 passengers. "The saloon has excellent air-conditioning and good lighting, the noise is minimal. Hot and cold meals can be served in flight."

2 pp, 289 x 220 mm, RU-FR
V/O Aviaexport USSR Moscow
Vneshtorgizdat item N°5187 A
Tupolev 134

Only smiling faces in this illustrated Aeroflot brochure with on the cover an air-to-air shot of the prototype 'CCCP-45075'. Inside it describes all major improvements over its predecessor Tu-124, "...which is successfully operating on civil aviation airlines where it has made an excellent reputation...The flight on board the TU-134 will leave you with a lot of unforgettable impressions, you will save your time and the ticket for the trip will not cost you more than a train... MAKE USE OF THE TU-134, THE NEW FLYING EXPRESS OF AEROFLOT!"

3 panels (6 pp), 210 x 297 mm, FR

Photos of both prototypes. Similarly designed leaflets were made for several other planes in Aeroflot service (An-2, An-10, An-12, Il-62, Tu-104, Tu-124).

3 panels (6 pp), 210 x 98 mm, FR*
*also in GE

Brochure of a series which includes the Tu-144, Tu-154, Il-62 and Yak-40. Full page photo of CCCP-65627 at Moscow/Sheremetyevo and the flightdeck of 'CCCP-65622'. "...Powered by strong fuel-saving engines, this streamlined craft cruises at 850 km/h... Everything is relative in time:) Fly Aeroflot's jetliner TU-134! Happy Journey!"

3 panels (6 pp), 206 x 290 mm, RU-EN

Updated version of the previous brochure. The new Tu-134A is announced, "...which will be introduced on Aeroflot routes in the near future. The new plane will comfortably seat up to 80 passengers. The reverse-thrust devices in TU-134A's engines will largely reduce its landing run. No additional machines are necessary on the ground: a power plant in the tail cone will do the job... Smiling faces and a flightdeck photo of 'CCCP-65610'."

3 panels (6 pp), 210 x 290 mm, RU-EN

Although the first prototype is on the cover, Aviaexport promotes the Tu-134-A in this 4 page brochure. The new version of the Tu-134 has a 2,1 m fuselage extension which allows 76 - 80 passenger seating. The presence of an APU and thrust reversers significantly improve the usability of this version. Diagrams of flight characteristics are also shown. (The brochure can be seen in the Prague 1970 movie above.)

4 pp, 270 x 204 mm, FR
V/O Aviaexport
International Routes of the Tu-134

Fly the Tu-134 on one of its routes from Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, and Yerevan to European and Asian capitals and large cities or to visit the Soviet Union. The Tu-134 flies on routes under three hours. "You have chosen for your travel one of the best jetliners. We shall be glad to welcome you again aboard Tu-134."

12 pp, 230 x 217 mm, EN
Aviareklama / Intourist, undated after 1972

Presenting the excellent characteristics of the Tu-134A, especially suited for tourist charters, it can be in operation for 10 hours a day and even 15 up to 19 hours, requiring miminal maintenance. The aircraft is standard equipped for 80 passengers and complies with CAT II autoland procedures.

2 pp, 200 x 280 mm, FR
Aviaexport USSR Moscow, 1977
Vneshtorgizdat item N°34103
Tu-134 Books - Ту-134 Книги
Aircraft Tu-134. Construction and Operation
by V. A. Borodenko and L. V. Kolomyets

368 pp, 165 x 268 mm, RU
Publishing House 'Transport', Moscow
1972 - 7,000
Aircraft Tu-134A. Construction and Operation
by V. A. Borodenko

476 pp, with 236 figures and 10 tables, 150 x 222 mm, RU
Машиностроение (Mechanical Engineering)
Moscow, 1975 - 2,000
Aerodynamics of the Tu-134A aircraft
by T. I. Lugim

320 pp, with 169 figures and 4 tables, 146 x 206 mm, RU
Publishing House 'Transport', Moscow
1975 - 8,000
Sad endings for both prototypes

  • The first prototype 'CCCP-45075', serial number 0000

'CCCP-45075, designated Tu-124A, made its first flight on July 29, 1963 by two Distinguised Test Pilots: Commander and Hero of the Soviet Union Alexander D. Kalina and First Officer Ye. A. Goryunov, Boris F. Petrov and Engineer Vyacheslav A. Revyakin. Flight tests were completed on November 6, 1964, totalling 225 flights and 274 hours. From October 1967 until September 1977 it was displayed at the Economic Achievements Exhibition (VDNKh) in Moscow. Later in 1977, it was transported and preserved at the territory of Polytechnic College N°164 named after Tupolev (later Polytechnic College N°19) in the Novogireyevo district of Moscow (near the junction of Molostovykh street and Napolny passage, N55.758166 E37.831420) where it stood on concrete blocks almost 3m high. Its D-20P-125 engines were removed and installed nearby in the college yard for use as a teaching aid.
Over the years the state of the prototype deteriorated and on April 11, 2013, almost exactly half a century after it was taken so proudly into the sky for the first time, it was simply broken up.

  • The second prototype 'CCCP-45076', serial number 0001

On 9 September 1964 the 'Doubler' made its first flight. Between Feb 20 and April 7, 1965 36 test flights were made (total 60 hours). In June 1965 it was present at the Le Bourget airshow and flew afterwards to Berlin, Warsaw and Prague.
On June 18 it was handed over to the Air Force Research Institute (ГК НИИ ВВС, Chkalovsky AB) for flight tests. On January 14, 1966 it carried out its 89th flight with a crew of 8, including captain V. M. Yevseyev, F/O Yu. I. Rogachev and navigator V.L. Malygin. At an altitude of 10 km, the captain gave max. rudder deflection of 25° at never-exceed speed Mach 0.86. The Tu-134 turned sharply , went into a dive and crashed near the pond in the village of Rozhdestveno, Sobinsky district, Vladimir region. The crew of 8 died. The Tu-134 was the first Soviet airliner with a hydraulic actuator controlling the rudder (elevators and ailerons were still manual). The crew, used to fly Tu-104, Tu-124 and An-12, were unfamiliar and on top of that, the Tu-134 had reverse roll reaction to rudder inputs above Mach 0.84. As a result of the crash the flight control system was modified with an artificial feel mechanism to reduce the rudder deflection angle to 5° and max. operating cruising speed was reduced to Mach 0.82. Flight tests by the air force stopped and continued at the Civil Air Fleet Research Institute (ГосНИИ ГВФ, later ГосНИИ ГА).
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