Moscow airports and Aeroflot flights - Aeroflot Archives

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Moscow CAD
Московское Территориальное УГА
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR)
In Soviet times, Moscow had 4 civil airports: Bykovo, Vnukovo, Sheremetyevo and Domodedovo, all named after the villages on which territories they are located. Two of them, Vnukovo and Domodedovo were under control of the Moscow CAD. Sheremetyevo was under control of the International CAD and Bykovo under the Central Regions CAD. In the city center, close to metrostation 'Aeroport' or 'Dynamo' was the City Air Terminal located. From here, passengers could already check-in and drive to their airport by bus, taxi or even helicopter.
Moscow AirportsStepMapMoscow Airports
Москва - Moscow
Moscow has several more airports but they were not used for regular passenger transport in the USSR, here some of the more famous:

- Khodynka (1910-2003), also known as Frunze Central Aerodrome or Tsentralny Aerodrome,  opened in 1910 and was the oldest Russian aerodrome. On 3 May 1922 the first ever Russian international flight on the route Moscow - Königsberg - Berlin took place. On 15 July 1923 the first regular domestic passenger flights between Moscow and Nizhny Novgorod started - the 420 km route took 2.5 hours in a 4-seater AK-1 monoplane.
It remained Moscow's only airport until the opening of Bykovo in 1933. Passenger flights stopped in late 1940s. From the 1950s upto 2003 it was mainly used by new Ilyushin aircraft, which must have been an impressive sight in a densily populated area close to the center. Several stored military aircraft and helicopters were kept there and plans to start an aviation museum did not develop. Now the site has been completely changed and houses shopping centers etc.. The metro station named 'Aeroport' was opened in 1938 to the north of the runway.

- Tushino (1935 - is a former general aviation airfield. In Soviet times it was used for military exercises showing the latest innovations in aviation on Soviet Air Fleet Day. Normally it was celebrated on the third sunday of August. In 1937, the parade was attended by nearly a million people, observing the masses of aircraft spelling in the sky "LENIN", "STALIN" and "SSSR". Now the airfield is closed.

- Zhukovsky, also known as Ramenskoye, a major aircraft test base in Soviet times. It was home to ЦАГИ (TsAGI, the Central Aerohydrodynamic Center) and ЛИИ им. Громова (Gromov Flight Research Center). From here the first flights of Tu-114 and Tu-144 airliners wre conducted. Also many military fighters and bombers and the analog 'Buran' spacecraft made their first flight here. From here they were sent to the Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazachstan by VM-T transport planes.
Today, it is home of the 2-yearly MAKS airshow. and after reconstruction works in 2014-2016 it is an official int'l passenger airport.

- Ostafyevo (1934-today)

- Chkalovsky (1932-today), today a large military air base.

- Myachkovo (1941-today), it was the base of the 229th flight detachment of Antarctic aviation, who conducted the study of the Arctic and Antarctic (Li-2s and IL-14s).
In 1965 the Myachkovskiy United Aviation Detachment was created.
Until the early 1990s, the 3750 airport staff and consisted of 4 airborne detachments: Detachment of aerial photography with 27 An-30s, the 305th detachment with Mi-8  helicopters engaged in oil and gas exploration in Siberia, the 325th detachment with AN-2s carrying out air operations in the Krasnodar and Stavropol regions, the middle zone of Russia, Kazakhstan and Ukraine. and the 340th unit with Mi-2 helicopters. Since 2012 a light aircraft aerodrome.
Aeroflot USSR 1953

Pocket calendar for the year 1953. An Ilyushin 12 overhead the Kremlin with one of the 'seven sisters' in the background. 'Air transport connects all the capitals of the union republics, large cities, industrial centers and resorts of the country'. Contact information for ticket sales and how to get to Vnukovo and Bykovo airport.

4 pp, 68 x 104 mm, RU
Moscow, 1952 - 200,000
How to get to the Moscow Aeroflot Ticket Offices

Practical information about the 3 main Aeroflot ticket agencies in Moscow.

4 pp, 88 x 133 mm, RU
Passenger Notice

4 pp, 107 x 162 mm, RU
Moscow, 1960 - 125,000
Tariffs and Times
By plane or by train? Your choice

Comparison between aircraft and train ticket prices and travel times between many cities in the USSR

4 panels (8 pp), 81 x 185 mm, RU
1960 - 300,000
Tariffs and Times

4 panels (8 pp), 100 x 220 mm, RU
Kaunas, 1963
Moscow, Air Traffic Center of the Country

28 pp, 100 x 220 mm, RU
Air Gates of Moscow

folder with 18 photocards, 77 x 98 mm, RU
Moscow, 1966 - 10,000
Moscow - Hero City

100th anniversary of the birth of Lenin in 1970. The heroic history of Moscow, the city today, Moscow as the largest center of culture and famous sights...this brochure leaves you little reason not to visit the Soviet capital.

6 panels (12 pp), 100 x 220 mm, GE
ca. 1969
Moscow, Lenin Memorial Places

18 pp (incl. 1 map fold-out), 100 x 220 mm, EN
Aviareklama, 1970
Tariffs and Times

4 panels (8 pp), 80 x 204 mm, RU
undated - 100,000
For the Aeroflot Passenger
4 pp, 95 x 224 mm, RU
Moscow Air Transport Agency
undated - 100,000
Arrival in Moscow

'Ladies and Gentlemen! Your airliner is approaching Moscow, the capital of the Soviet Union, and it is the right time to give you practical tips which may be useful after you leave the aircraft.' As such begins this 6-language brochure, followed by the information about the airport, how to get to the city, city transport and hotels.

6 panels (12 pp), 95 x 221 mm, RU-EN-FR-GE-AR?-JA?
Aviareklama, 1972
Moscow - Crossroads of Air Traffic

24 pp, 230 x 230 mm, EN
Aviareklama, 1972
Moscow Stars

6 panels (12 pp), 100 x 220 mm, RU-EN
You Arrive in Moscow

4 pp, 117 x 153 mm, RU
Aviareklama, - 1,000 000
The Air Gateways of Moscow

12 pp, 230 x 215 mm, RU-EN
Aviareklama, ca. 1973
How to get to the city's air terminal and Moscow's airports

Directions to get to one of Moscow's 4 airports and the City Air Terminal. The backside shows a map of the airports with the metro stations, bus and train lines to get there.

2 pp, 224 x 300 mm, RU
1974 - 500,000
How to get to the city's air terminal and Moscow's airports

4 panels (8 pp) 102 x 148 mm, RU
1975 - 500,000
Moscow Airports: Vnukovo - Sheremetyevo - Domodedovo - Bykovo

4 panels (8 pp) 100 x 207 mm, RU
Aviareklama, 1971 - 100,000
To Sport Championships to Moscow

24 pp, 230 x 217 mm, GE
Aviareklama, ca. 1975

How to get to the city's air terminal and Moscow's airports

3 panels (6 pp) 70 x 140 mm, RU
1976 - 400,000

248 pp, 120 x 160 mm, RU
Aviareklama, 1970

Aeroflot News

4 pp, 114 x 215 mm, RU
You are going on a flight

16 pp, 110 x 142 mm, RU

28 pp, 242 x 221 mm, RU
Aviareklama, ca. 1977
Moscow Stars

4 panels (8 pp), 200 x 200 mm, RU*
*also JA
The Airports of Moscow

16 pp, 237 x 164 mm, EN
ca. 1978
Tarrifs and Time

3 panels (6 pp), 93 x 238 mm, RU
1978 - 300,000
Moscow - The Metropole of the Olympics - 80

6 panels (12 pp), 240 x 220 mm, GE
Aviareklama, ca. 1978-79

16 pp, 238 x 219 mm, GE
Aeroflot Planes at Your Service!

4 panels (8 pp), 92 x 219 mm, RU
Moscow - The Metropole of the Olympics - 80

28 pp, 240 x 220 mm, GE
Aviareklama, ca. 1978
Air Passenger Notice

4 panels (8pp) plus a separate card with the new Aeroflot phonenumber, 100 x 146 mm, RU
1979 - 50,000
Tarrifs and Times
4 pp, 121 x 224 mm, RU
Aviareklama, 1979  - 52,200


28 pp, 240 x 220 mm, GE
Aviareklama, ca. 1979

24 pp, 237 x 218 mm, RU
Aviareklama, 1980
Tarrifs and Times
3 panels (6 pp), 102 x 232 mm, RU
1980  - 300,000

We Invite You to Fly
4 pp, 217 x 100 mm, RU
1981 - 500,000

Moscow, the Capital of the USSR
28 pp, 230 x 220, EN
Aviareklama, undated
Arts Festivals in Moscow
4 panels (8 pp), 137 x 200 mm, RU-EN
You are going on a flight
4 panels (8 pp) 101 x 223 mm, RU
1981 - 300,000
Moscow Literary Museums

24 pp, 201 x 186 mm, RU

24 pp, 201 x 192, RU
Aviareklama, 1985
Moscow, Capital of the USSR

24 pp, 230 x 215, FR
Aviareklama, 1985
Hero-Cities: Moscow

4 panels (8 pp), 141 x 216, FR
Aviareklama, 1985
Moscow, Ancient and New

20 pp, 230 x 215, RU
Aviareklama, 1986
Central Museum V. I. Lenin

12 pp, 233 x 218, EN
Aviareklama, 1986
Check Your Watch

Time zone map of time of the USSR and directions of how to get to Vnukovo, Domodedovo, Bykovo and Sheremetyevo-1 airports and to the City Air Terminal.

4 panels (8 pp), 82 x 197 mm, RU
Central Agency of Air Services, 1986 - 50,000
Moscow Literary Museums

24 pp, 230 x 220, RU
Aviareklama, undated
State History Museum

12 pp, 230 x 215, EN
Aviareklama, 1986
Moscow, 1917 - 1987

24 pp, 200 x 188 mm, FR
Aviareklama, 1987

28 pp, 240 x 220 mm, RU

4 panels (8 pp), 138 x 200 mm, FR
Lenin Memorial Places

4 panels (8 pp), 140 x 200 mm, FR
Aviareklama, 1986

Aeroflot invites you to Moscow. Images of Sheremetyevo-2 International Airport.

4 panels (8 pp), 138 x 201 mm, EN
Aviareklama, 80s
Art Museums in Moscow

20 pp, 228 x 220 mm, EN*
*also in FR
The Moscow Kremlin

24 pp, 231 x 214 mm, GE
Aviareklama, 1987

12 pp, 200 x 186 mm, EN
Aviareklama, 1988

4 panels (8 pp), 140 x 200 mm, RU
Aviareklama 1990
adverts - объявления
Postcards - Открытки

With 3 airport photos

pp, hardcover, 338 x 242 mm,
The Moscow Worker
Moscow Region

With 2 pages of airport photos (6).

188 pp, hardcover with dustjacket (missing), 295 x 295 mm, RU
The Moscow Worker, 1970
Example of an Aeroflot publicity for flights from Vnukovo and Bykovo in a 1959 football calendar guide. Click here for the translation.

Football Calendar - Guide, Moscow 1959
68 pp, 130 x 190 mm, RU
1959 - 200,000
Выставка Достижений Народного Хозяйства - Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy
The exhibition was established February 17, 1935 as the All-Union Agricultural Exhibition (VSKhV) (Russian: Всесоюзная Сельско-Хозяйственная Выставка; Vsesoyuznaya Selsko-Khozyaystvennaya Vystavka). An existing site (then known as Ostankino Park, a country territory recently incorporated into the city limits), was approved in August 1935. The master plan by Vyacheslav Oltarzhevsky was approved in April 1936, and the first show season was announced to begin in July 1937 and was design as a "City of Exhibitions"with streets and public spaces, which was very common in the 1930s of the 20th century. However, plans did not materialise, and three weeks before the deadline Joseph Stalin personally postponed the exhibition by one year (to August 1938). It seemed that this time everything would be ready on time, but again the builders failed to complete their work, and regional authorities failed to select and deliver proper exhibits. Some pavilions and the 1937 entrance gates by Oltarzhevsky were torn down to be replaced with more appropriate structures (most pavilions were criticised for having no windows). According to Oltarzhevsky's original plan, all of the pavilions were to be constructed from wood. In 1938, a government commission examined the construction and decided that it did not suit the ideological direction of the moment. The exhibition was considered too modest and too temporary. Oltarzhevsky was arrested, together with the Commissar for Agriculture and his staff, and eventually released in 1943. Later, he worked on the 1947-1953 Moscow skyscraper project.
As a result, in August 1938 Nikita Khrushchev, speaking at the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union assembly, declared that the site is not ready, and the opening was extended to August 1939. It opened indeed August 1, 1939, and worked in 8AM - 11PM mode until October 25 (40,000 daily attendance). 1940 and 1941 seasons followed; after the German invasion, July 1, 1941 the exhibition was closed - until the end of World War II.

In October 1948 the State ordered the renewal of the Exhibition, starting with the 1950 season. Again, the opening was postponed more than once; the first post-war season opened in 1954 (still as Agricultural exhibition). In the 1956 season the planners set aside an Industrial area within the main territory; more restructuring and rebuilding followed. In 1959 the park was renamed Exhibition of Achievements of the National Economy or ВДНХ/VDNKh.
Aircraft and helicopters displayed over the years at the VDNKh (incomplete list)

  • October 1967 - September 1976 - Tu-134 prototype 'CCCP-45075'
  • Ми-4С (1955)
  • Ту-104 СССР-Л5400 (1956-1959)
  • Ан-2
  • Ту-104А СССР-42394 - mfd May 10, 1959 went to the Moscow CAD, based at Vnukovo. Almost immediately it went on display at VDNKh from June 24, 1959 until July 1962. Afterwards it was transferred to the Air Force Research Insitute (NII VVS) and used for zero-G training. It went back to the air force, based at Zhukovsky.
  • Ту-104 СССР-42338 (07.1960-12.1963) ((In 1960 (officially 23 April 1960) it was displayed at the VDNKh until 1965? Afterwards it was transferred to the Yegoryevsk Technical Aviation College for use as a ground instruction airframe.))
  • Ми-8 (1961)
  • Ан-24 (1961 или 1962)
  • Ил-18А СССР-75644 (27.08.1959-17.08.1964)
  • Ту-124 СССР-45052 (25.01.1964-10.1967)
  • Ан-14М (1974)
  • «Квант»  (1974)
  • «Энтузиаст»  (1976)
  • Ту-154 СССР-85005 (10.1976-14.09.2008)
  • Як-40 СССР-19661 (10.1970-10.1981) till 1977??
  • Як-42 СССР-42304 (09.1981 — н.в.)
  • Ми-26 (1985)
  • Yak-12 CCCP-72806 / Mi-4 CCCP-66860 / Mi-1 / An-2 / Ka-18 + models of An-10 and Il-18 in pavilion (photos from 1959 article)
Original Photos
Postcards - Открытки
published in the Soviet Union between 1961 and 1986
'Wings of the Motherland' N°9, 1959

The coverstory of this 'Крыля Родины'  issue is about the aviation exhibits at the VDNKh. The cover shows Tu-104 CCCP-42338. There are more colour photos inside: Mi-4P 'CCCP-66860', a Mi-1, an An-2, a Ka-18 and Yak-12 CCCP-72806. Inside the pavilion 'Transport of the USSR' are models of An-10 and Il-18.

224 x 288 mm
Publishing House ДОСААФ, Moscow
1959 - 37,000
'Sputnik' razor blades for the VDNKh

A set of 10 razor blades named 'flight to Venus' was produced by the Red Star factory in Moscow to commemorate the VDNKh. All ten blades have a different wrapping: luxury 'Chaika' car, a milk truck for 105 million tons of milk produced per year, the monument for famous poet Pushkin, agriculture machine universal chassis SHS-65, Corn 'the beauty of the fields', nuclear ice-breaker 'Lenin', hydrofoil boat 'Meteor' and most notably the Mi-4 helicopter and Tu-114 airliner. The last two are shown here.

47 x 25 mm
Мосгорисполком (Executive Committee of the Moscow City Council of People's Deputies)
УМП factory ' Red Star', Moscow Pushkin street 32
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